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Author: Elyse, PMP, CPHIMS
November 20, 2006

Project integration management is primarily concerned with integrating processes to accomplish project objectives.
The seven process are:

  1. Develop Project Charter – Develop the Project charter is initiates the project. The derived project charter approves and sanctions the project and gives the project manager the authority to act and apply organizational resources to the project.
  2. Develop Preliminary Project Scope Statement – The preliminary project scope statement is an initial, high-level definition of the project scope. This document defines the project’s product or service, methods of approval, and tactical strategies for the change control process.
  3. Develop the Project Management Plan – Developing the Project Management Plan includes all activities needed to create and integrate all subsidiary plans into the Project Management Plan. This plan will be how the project is executed, managed, and monitored.
  4. Direct and Manage Project Execution - Directing and Managing Project execution is orchestrating how the project team performs the actions to implement the Project Management Plan and complete the work detailed in the Project Scope Statement.
  5. Monitor and Control Project Work – Monitoring and Controlling Project work measures and balance the projects progress and any corrective or preventative actions needed to assure all project objectives are met.
  6. Integrated Change Control – Integrated Change Control is the change control process for the project which includes evaluating all change requests, authorizing changes, and managing changes to project plans and deliverables. The key benefit to this process is that only validated approved changes are implemented.
  7. Close Project – Closing the project equates to completing all project activities, delivering the final project, turning over continual support to operations, and obtaining the client approval to formally close the project.

The seven processes in the Project Integration Management knowledge area work in concert to facilitate proper project coordination. The project integration requires each process seamlessly links and fuels the next process
All project management processes are divided into the following five project process groups:
  • Initiating - The Initiating Process Group includes those processes necessary for formally authorizing the beginning of a new project. The processes for developing the Project Charter and developing the preliminary Project Scope Statement occur in the Initiating Process Group.
  • Planning Process Group - The Planning Process Group includes those processes that establish the project scope, create the Project Management Plan, and identify and schedule the project activities. The process for developing the Project Management Plan occurs in the Planning Process Group.
  • Executing Process Group – The Executing Process Group consists of those processes necessary for completing the work outlined in the Project Management Plan to achieve the project's objectives. The process for directing and managing project execution, which ensures that the Project Management Plan is implemented properly, occurs in the Executing Process Group.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Process Group - The Monitoring and Controlling Process Group is necessary for gathering, assessing, and distributing performance information and analyzing measurements and trends to make continual process improvements. The processes for monitoring and controlling project work and implementing integrated change control occur in the Monitoring and Controlling Process Group.
  • Closing Process Group – The Closing Process group consists of those processes necessary for officially ending project activities and handing off the completed product to others. This also includes closing a project that has been canceled.

The project process groups overlap, interact, and directly affect one another as they all play out the greater project plan. These interactions create project management synchronization.

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